Yogi Berra: Master Copywriter?

Yogi BerraA while back, I published this article on Copyblogger. It turned out to be quite popular. So in case you missed it there, I’ll rerun it here.

Lawrence Peter “Yogi” Berra is a fifteen-time All Star and three-time MVP. He played in 14 World Series games. But what is he famous for? Mixed up quotes.

Someone once asked him what he would do if he found a million dollars. Yogi said, “I’d find the fellow who lost it, and, if he was poor, I’d return it.” When discussing a Steve McQueen movie, Yogi observed, “He must have made that before he died.” Commenting on a pair of gloves, he said, “The only reason I need these gloves is ’cause of my hands.”

On the surface, Yogi seems confused. But perhaps he is trying to convey a deeper meaning for those who care to consider his words carefully. In fact, I think Yogi can teach us about the art of sell copy, the sort of copywriting intended to persuade and motivate.

Let’s listen to what he has to say, and I’ll translate his “yogisms” into clear English.

Yogi: “This is like deja vu all over again.”
Translation: Study proven selling techniques. Every generation of writers thinks they are discovering selling for the first time. Many online writers think writing and selling began with the Web. But selling is based on human psychology and has been going on for thousands of years. If you want to learn how to sell today, study the sales techniques of yesterday. To get started, read Tested Advertising Methods by John Caples and Scientific Advertising by Claude Hopkins.

Yogi: “If you don’t know where you are going, you will wind up somewhere else.”
Translation: Start with a goal. After all, how can you get someplace if you don’t know where you want to go? Your goal must be specific and measurable: 5,000 subscribers, 135 sales, 750 site hits per day, whatever. This tells you where you’re going and gives you a way to know when you’ve arrived.

Yogi: “Ninety percent of the game is half mental.”
Translation: Think before you act. You can easily spend half your time on strategy because it determines ninety percent of your results. Before writing headlines or body copy, collect your facts and study them. Who is your audience? What do they want? What are they willing to pay? What are their fears and desires? What else have they purchased? I’ve created a marketing questionnaire (http://www.directcreative.com/universal-advertising-and-marketing-questionnaire.html) to collect the facts I need for my direct marketing projects. You can use my questionnaire as a starting point or create your own.

Yogi: “You can’t think and hit at the same time.”
Translation: Don’t create and evaluate ideas simultaneously. Idea generation is a right brain activity. Evaluation is a left brain activity. One short circuits the other. Write lots of headlines and copy ideas first. Later, evaluate and choose the best. Separating these two activities produces better results and often saves time. For tips effective brainstorming, see my 6-part series on creativity in direct marketing (http://www.directcreative.com/marketing-resources.html)

Yogi: “I wish I had an answer to that because I’m tired of answering that question.”
Translation: Provide plenty of solid information. People can distinguish between BS and good information. So don’t shovel a pile of one to cover up for a lack of the other. Have something to say. Say it clearly. Answer all questions. Be specific. In general, long copy outsells short copy. That’s because unanswered questions raise doubts. And doubts kill sales.

Yogi: “If you can’t imitate him, don’t copy him.”
Translation: Don’t swipe copy. When you’re not sure how to write something, the temptation will be to copy someone else. This can range from light borrowing to outright plagiarism. Learning and applying what successful copywriters do is fine. But if you don’t know what you’re doing, you won’t solve any problems with theft. Good copywriters are good because of hard work and experience, not theft.

Yogi: “A nickel ain’t worth a dime anymore.”
Translation: Build value before talking price. People don’t think about money logically. It’s all about “perceived value.” If I tell you an e-book will cost you $79, it sounds expensive. But if I tell you an e-book is a collection of information that has sold separately for over $5,000 or that the information is the result of 10 years of research, that $79 price tag suddenly sounds pretty good doesn’t it?

Yogi: “Why buy good luggage? You only use it when you travel.”
Translation: Don’t get distracted by design. Good design is important of course, but you don’t need “pretty” design. Highly artistic design discourages interaction with strong copy. High-end design is like expensive Christmas wrap that no one wants to tear open. In the direct marketing business we say, “ugly sells.”

Yogi: “It ain’t over till it’s over.”
Translation: Test, test, test. Results are the only facts that matter. You can guess and estimate and reason and predict, but you really don’t know anything until you run a measurable test. Everyone has an opinion about writing, but testing answers all questions and ends all debates.

Yogi: “You can observe a lot by watching.”
Translation: Study your stats. Copywriting isn’t really about writing. It’s about achieving a result: driving more Web traffic, signing up more subscribers, selling a product, promoting your services. Success is measured in numbers. Look at your Web stats, your subscriber trends, your sales, your service inquires, and other sources of data.

Yogi: “We’re lost but we’re making good time.”
Translation: Activity is not the same as progress. All your writing and selling and testing should teach you something. By learning what works and what doesn’t, you empower yourself to make adjustments and improve results. If you don’t learn, you’re simply driving around in circles.

Of course, Yogi also said, “I really didn’t say everything I said.” Maybe. But who cares? Coming from anyone else, quotes like “Pair up in threes” or “I usually take a two-hour nap from one to four,” would seem stupid. Coming from Yogi, it’s sheer genius.

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7 Responses to “Yogi Berra: Master Copywriter?”

  1. Janice C Cartier on April 29th, 2008 12:40 pm

    I loved this post on copyblogger and appreciate it even more now.

    In the last few weeks I have noticed so much echo about new media being “the way”…maybe it’s me, but my head tilts and I think…it’s a tool, people, it’s a tool. I just have a hard time thinking that people have changed that much when it comes to purchasing behaviors…oh the mode maybe, but not the psychology. I’m thinking that is wired into our DNA and unless we’ve become bionic…. yeah, it’s probably just me.
    Great tips here. No matter what media.

  2. Dean Rieck on April 29th, 2008 1:16 pm

    You’re right on, Janice. People have not changed their basic nature for a million years. And they won’t change for another million. Feelings and motivations ARE hardwired in many respects.

    But every generation will produce people who think evolution has leaped ahead of itself and they will run around like headless chickens cackling and misleading people into waisting billions on unproven ideas. Sounds curmudgeonly, but it’s true.

  3. Janice C Cartier on April 29th, 2008 2:34 pm

    “But every generation will produce people who think evolution has leaped ahead of itself”

    Last friday I saw two pre-k boys on the playground. Instead of climbing up the steps they were throwing themselves at the slide and letting their body weight drop them to the ground….I’m thinking nahhh, we’re not there yet. ( or it could be a guy thing…)

    Glad it is not just me, she says to the curmudgeon in the room. :)

  4. Brian Clark on April 30th, 2008 10:02 am

    Janice, I’ve been butting heads with the “social media utopians” for the last two years over this very issue. Technology does not change human nature… it amplifies it.

  5. Dean Rieck on April 30th, 2008 10:45 am

    >>>Technology does not change human nature…it amplifies it.<<<

    So we’re saying what…that blogs are the karaoke machine of human nature? Okay. I’ll buy that.

  6. Janice C Cartier on April 30th, 2008 11:05 am

    Needed that Dean. :) ))) Yes! Karaoke on Bourbon Street on a Saturday night. All those out-of-towners suddenly unleashed and on the prowl in the Big Easy….ahhh the cleanup is pretty stinky….and they aren’t half as “melodious” as they think they are, but they are really, really loud.

    Brian-I see that, but you are sooooo much more patient than I. Do I see the headlines of a fun post here?

    Dean…biggest guffaw of the morning , thanks ; )

  7. Brian Clark on April 30th, 2008 9:00 pm

    >>>blogs are the karaoke machine of human nature?

    OK, I’m stealing that. :-)

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